Japan from TIROS, 1960.

The first weather satellite, TIROS, was launched in 1960, transmitting low-resolution black-and-white pictures of large areas of the Earth from 450 miles up, well beyond the north American Earthscapes now familiar from rockets. Its fish-eye lens exaggerated the curvature of the Earth. This frame shows the northern Japanese island of Hokkaido – the first ever image of Japan from space.